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Slang, of course, is part of dialogue, though it can also be found in prose. But slang has dangers.

Do you have a 100% command of the slang of the period and of the geography you are writing in?

Do you understand the slang? As an example, we have a discussion at present on the Literary Merit forum about the use of a simple word 'skinning' deployed in When Shadows Pass. Does it mean stripping naked, or pulling pack the foreskin, or does it have some other meaning? And the answer is unclear, and may even depend on the part of a nation one is in. The author knows it to have been used within his experience and in that geography in the way he uses it. Others cast doubt.

Slang will date your work. While your work may be set in a time period, that does not, of itself, 'date' it. Slang is an item of the current time. Prior era slang starts to become unreadable.

As author you have full control. Use what is important, what adds value to the plot, and leave the rest aside. Otherwise you risk losing a proportion of your readers as they trip over the landmine you had no need to leave in their path.

American Alex makes this point very clearly below, though he cites some apparently British slang I have not yet come across.

American Alex

I'm reading through a story which is set somewhere in a northern rural location in the US. I'm up to chapter 3, and already the word "bloody" has been used twice. Americans DO NOT use this word, unless they are trying to sound stereotypically British. Never in the US, and rarely even in Canada. Using British vernacular in an "American" story is improper, and should be avoided.

Certain other "Britishisms" should also be avoided when trying to sound like an American. Words like "pram", "roundabout", "petrol" and "boffin", exclamations such as "brilliant", "oi" and "cor" are also never used in American dialogue. Certain 'Northern' or Celtic terms like "bairn", or "ceilidh" will confuse most Americans. Certain grammatical forms like "the caller has hung up" or "in hospital" are also distinctly British, and not American. Certain loan words from French, like "aubergine", "abbatoir", "fete" or "palais" likewise are never used in Amercan vernacular.

Going further, there are certain terms which would confuse nearly any American. "Lollipop lady", "fruit machine", "rock trousers", and "Hoxton bonnet" come to mind, mostly because I've just recently learned these expressions. British standard spellings also sometime differ; sometimes slightly, as in center/centre, to the more extreme like in jail/gaol. A quick way to make these sort of issues minimal would be to set your spell-checker to American standard English, if only to check your accuracy.

Dominick St James

This table shows some common and less common variants on British slang.

Slang Word or Expression Meaning
bonk copulate
camp having a gay manner
faggy gay in apparel/appearance
fairy effeminately gay
frig masturbate
goolies testicles
hanky-panky provocative sexual behaviour
knackers testicles
knob penis
love bite hickey
nadgers testicles
nooky copulate/sexual behaviour
pansy effeminately gay/girly
pet make-out/fondle
prick penis
prissy affectedly prim and fussy
queer gay
roger copulate
shag copulate
snog protracted kissing
spunk semen/ejaculate
soixante-neuf (French) sixty nine
swishy effeminate flouncing
toss masturbate
wank masturbate
a bag-head a silly twit or idiot
a blast bloody good fun
a blue fit an annoyed angry tantrum
a dork an awkward misfit
a fucktard an obnoxious person
a fuckwit a grossly stupid person
a goose a comically silly person
a hoot good fun
a nincompoop a vacuous twit
a poppet/popsicle an endearing youngster
a prick a very annoying person
a scorcher someone hot and sexy
a wanker incompetent stupid person
a wuss a cowardly wimp
a yob/yobo a rude aggressive person
yay woohoo/a cheering yes
yikes! exclaiming sudden surprise
yo! exclaiming amused surprise
yolo you only live once
wavey high in mood/intoxication
whopping oversized/larger than normal


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